Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/77466
Title: Multi-scaled porous Fe-N/C nanofibrous catalysts for the cathode electrodes of direct methanol fuel cells
Authors: Me, R
Xi, J
Ma, L
An, L 
Wang, F
Sun, H
Luo, Z
Wu, Q
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Electrochemical Society
Source: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2017, v. 164, no. 14, p. F1556-F1565 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of the Electrochemical Society 
Abstract: In the present work, a nanofibrous Fe-N/C catalyst with a multi-scaled porous structure is proposed and prepared via electrospinning a polyacrylonitrile (PAN) solution containing Fe3+ incorporated graphitic carbon nitride (Fe-g-C3N4). Physical and chemical characterizations confirm that micropores, mesopores and hollow-out macropores are co-existed in the Fe-N/C nanofibrous catalysts. The abundant micropores are beneficial for accommodating active sites, while the mesopores and hollow-out macropores can facilitate the supply of oxygen to the active surfaces. Moreover, due to the fibrous morphology of the catalyst, a 3D highly-porous electrode with well-established networks can be formed for facile transport of electrons and oxygen. The experimental results show that the Fe-N/C catalyst delivers a good activity toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in acid media with a half-wave potential of 740 mV and an almost four-electron transfer process, high stability and excellent methanol tolerance. Furthermore, the as-prepared catalyst is used to fabricate the cathode of a direct methanol fuel cell, which yields a peak power density of 14.9 mW cm-2 with 1 M methanol solutions, dry air and an operating temperature of 70°C.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/77466
ISSN: 0013-4651
EISSN: 1945-7111
DOI: 10.1149/2.0451714jes
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