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Title: “All that's best of dark and bright” : day and night perceptions of Hong Kong cityscape
Authors: Huang, WJ 
Wang, P
Keywords: Brand personality
Destination image
Night tourism
Visitor perception
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Tourism management, 2018, v. 66, p. 274-286 How to cite?
Journal: Tourism management 
Abstract: Tourists can go sightseeing at various hours of the day. This study compared visitors’ perceptions of the same “sight” at daytime and nighttime, and examined how perceptions relate to visitor characteristics (i.e., nationality and circadian rhythm). Focus groups were conducted to identify the day and night brand personality of the cityscape of Hong Kong as seen from atop Victoria Peak. Afterwards, a quasi-experimental design was employed, with day-or-night video of the view as the treatment variable. Questionnaires were administered in Hong Kong and the United States for cross-cultural comparison. More significant differences were observed in the Hong Kong sample than in the USA sample. Findings revealed that “night” had more personality, in that the night view generally received higher ratings. “Day” had a more distinctive personality, which was perceived differently by “early birds” and “night owls” in Hong Kong, and more relatable to USA respondents than to Hong Kong respondents.
ISSN: 0261-5177
EISSN: 1879-3193
DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2017.12.006
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