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Title: Emotional cues from expressive behavior of women and men with Parkinson's disease
Authors: Wang, SM 
Tickle-Degnen, L
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Source: PLoS one, 2018, v. 13, no. 7, e0199896 How to cite?
Journal: PLoS one 
Abstract: Objective: Emotional experience of people with Parkinson's disease is prone to being misunderstood by observers and even healthcare practitioners, which affects treatment effectiveness and makes clients suffer distress in their social lives. This study was designed to identify reliable emotional cues from expressive behavior in women and men with Parkinson's disease.
Method: Videotaped expressive behavior of 96 participants during an interview of discussing enjoyable events was rated using the Interpersonal Communication Rating Protocol. Indices from emotional measures were represented in three components. Correlational analyses between expressive behavior domains and emotional components were conducted for the total sample and by gender separately.
Results: More gross motor expressivity and smiling/laughing indicated more positive affect in the total sample. Less conversational engagement indicated more negative affect in women. However, women with more negative affect and depression appeared to smile and laugh more.
Conclusion: This study identified reliable cues from expressive behavior that could be used for assessment of emotional experience in people with Parkinson’s disease. For women, because smiling/laughing may convey two possible meanings, that is, more positive and more negative affect, this cue needs to be interpreted cautiously and be used for detecting the intensity, not the type, of emotional experience. Healthcare practitioners should be sensitive to valid cues to make an accurate evaluation of emotion in people with Parkinson’s disease.
EISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0199886
Rights: Copyright: © 2018 Wang, Tickle-Degnen. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The following article: Wang, S. M., & Tickle-Degnen, L. (2018). Emotional cues from expressive behavior of women and men with Parkinson’s disease. PloS one, 13(7), e0199886, is available at https//
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