Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Effectiveness of a parental training programme in enhancing the parent–child relationship and reducing harsh parenting practices and parental stress in preparing children for their transition to primary school : a randomised controlled trial
Authors: Li, HCW
Chan, SSC
Mak, YW 
Lam, TH
Keywords: Children
Harsh parenting parctices
Parent-child relationship
Parental stress
Issue Date: 16-Nov-2013
Publisher: BioMed Central
Source: BMC public health, 16 Nov. 2013, v. 13, 1079 How to cite?
Journal: BMC public health 
Abstract: Background: Entering primary school is an important childhood milestone, marking the beginning of a child’s formal education. Yet the change creates a time of vulnerability for the child, the parents and the parent–child relationship. Failure to adjust to the transition may place the family in a psychologically devastating position. The aims of this study were to test the effectiveness of a parental training programme in enhancing the parent–child relationship and decreasing parental stress by reducing harsh parenting in preparing children for the transition to primary school.
Methods: A randomised controlled trial incorporating a two-group pre-test and repeated post-test was conducted in one of the largest public housing estates in Hong Kong. A total of 142 parents were recruited, with 72 parents randomly assigned to the experimental group and 70 to the control group. Harsh parenting practices, parent–child relationships and parental stress were assessed.
Results: In comparison to parents in the control group, those in the experimental group engaged in less harsh parenting practices and reported better parent–child relationships. However, parental stress scores did not differ significantly between the two groups.
Conclusion: This study addressed a gap in the literature by examining the effectiveness of the training programme for enhancing parent–child relationship and decreasing parental stress at the time of a child’s transition to primary school. The findings from this study provide empirical evidence of the effectiveness of the parental training programme and highlight the significance of parenting in promoting a smooth transition for children from kindergarten to primary 1.
Trial registration: NCT01845948.
EISSN: 1471-2458
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1079
Rights: © 2013 Li et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Li_Parental_Training_Programme.pdf277.03 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record
PIRA download icon_1.1View/Download Contents


Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Sep 17, 2018


Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Sep 16, 2018

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Sep 17, 2018


Citations as of Sep 17, 2018

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.