Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/76271
Title: Cyclohexanedione as the negative electrode reaction for aqueous organic redox flow batteries
Authors: Leung, P
Martin, T
Liras, M
Berenguer, AM
Marcilla, R
Shah, A
An, L 
Anderson, MA
Palma, J
Keywords: Aqueous flow batteries
Cyclohexanedione
Organic flow batteries
Redox flow batteries
Soluble
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Applied energy, 2017, v. 197, p. 318-326 How to cite?
Journal: Applied energy 
Abstract: The electrochemical reduction and oxidation of cyclohexanedione is evaluated for the first time as the negative electrode reaction in an organic redox flow battery. Electrochemical characterization indicates that the redox reaction of cyclohexanedione is a proton-coupled electron transfer process with quasi reversible behavior in acidic media (pH < 3). Among three isomeric compounds (1,2-, 1,3- and 1,4-cyclohexanedione), the reduction of 1,3-cyclohexanedione exhibits the most negative electrode potential (c.a.-0.6 V vs. Ag vertical bar AgCl (c.a-0.4 V vs. NHE)) as well as the widest pH operating range (pH 1-5) for relatively reversible reactions. The resulting electrode potential is the most negative of those to have been reported in neutral/acidic electrolytes. 1,3-cyclohexanedione is subsequently used as the active species in the negative electrode of a parallel plate flow cell, which is charge-discharge cycled at 3.4 mA cm(-2) for 100 cycles, yielding half-cell coulombic efficiencies of c.a. 99%. The organic molecules derived from this group are observed to have high solubilities (>2 M) and exhibit reduction process with up to 4 electrons transferred.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/76271
ISSN: 0306-2619
EISSN: 1872-9118
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.04.023
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