Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/76031
Title: Optical mu-printing of cellular-scale microscaffold arrays for 3D cell culture
Authors: Ouyang, X 
Zhang, KY
Wu, JS 
Wong, DSH
Feng, Q
Bian, LM
Zhang, AP 
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Source: Scientific reports, 2017, v. 7, 8880 How to cite?
Journal: Scientific reports 
Abstract: Guiding cell culture via engineering extracellular microenvironment has attracted tremendous attention due to its appealing potentials in the repair, maintenance, and development of tissues or even whole organs. However, conventional biofabrication technologies are usually less productive in fabricating microscale three-dimensional (3D) constructs because of the strident requirements in processing precision and complexity. Here we present an optical mu-printing technology to rapidly fabricate 3D microscaffold arrays for 3D cell culture and cell-scaffold interaction studies on a single chip. Arrays of 3D cubic microscaffolds with cubical sizes matching the single-cell size were fabricated to facilitate cell spreading on suspended microbeams so as to expose both apical and basal cell membranes. We further showed that the increasing of the cubical size of the microscaffolds led to enhanced spreading of the seeded human mesenchymal stem cells and activation of mechanosensing signaling, thereby promoting osteogenesis. Moreover, we demonstrated that the spatially selective modification of the surfaces of suspended beams with a bioactive coating (gelatin methacrylate) via an in-situ printing process allowed tailorable cell adhesion and spreading on the 3D microscaffolds.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/76031
ISSN: 2045-2322
EISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-08598-3
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