Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/75025
Title: Measuring water transport efficiency in the Yangtze River Economic Zone, China
Authors: He, D
Gao, P
Sun, Z
Lau, YY
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Sustainability, Dec. 2017, v. 9, no. 12, 2278
Abstract: Water transport, a component of integrated transport systems, is a key strategic resource for achieving sustainable economic and social development, particularly in the Yangtze River Economic Zone (YREZ). Unfortunately, systematic studies on water transport efficiency are not forthcoming. Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and the Malmquist index as a model framework, this paper measures water transport efficiency in YREZ, conducts spatial analysis to identify the leading factors influencing efficiency, and provides scientific evidence for a macroscopic grasp of water transport development and the optimization of YREZ. The results indicate that water transport technical efficiency (TE) in YREZ is low and in fluctuating decline. Therefore, it has seriously restricted performance and improvements in the service function. Additionally, the spatial pattern of TE has gradually changed from complexity and dispersion to clarity and contiguity with a larger inter-provincial gap. Water transport efficiency has slightly improved through technological change (TECHch), whereas deteriorating pure technical efficiency change (PEch) is the main cause of a TE decrease. According to our findings, decision-makers should consider strengthening intra-port competition and promoting water transport efficiency.
Keywords: DEA and Malmquist index model
Spatial pattern evolution
The Yangtze River Economic Zone (YREZ)
Water transport efficiency
Publisher: MDPI AG
Journal: Sustainability 
EISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su9122278
Rights: © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
The following publication He, D.; Gao, P.; Sun, Z.; Lau, Y.-Y. Measuring Water Transport Efficiency in the Yangtze River Economic Zone, China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2278, 1-13 is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su9122278
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