Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/7288
Title: Modeling of SOFC running on partially pre-reformed gas mixture
Authors: Ni, M 
Keywords: Ceramic fuel cells
Direct internal reforming
Mixed potential
Modeling
SOFC
Water gas shift reaction
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Source: International journal of hydrogen energy, 2012, v. 37, no. 2, p. 1731-1745 How to cite?
Journal: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 
Abstract: A two dimensional model is developed to study the transport and reaction processes in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) fueled by partially pre-reformed gas mixture, considering the direct internal reforming (DIR) of methane and water gas shift (WGS) reaction in the porous anode of SOFC. Electrochemical oxidations of H2 and CO fuels are both considered. The model consists of an electrochemical, a chemical model, and a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. Two chemical models are compared to examine their effects on SOFC modeling results. Different from the previous studies on hydrogen fueled SOFC, higher gas velocity is found to slightly decrease the performance of SOFC running on pre-reformed gas mixture, due to suppressed gas composition variation at a higher gas velocity. The current density distribution along the gas channels at an inlet temperature of 1173K is quite different from that at 1073K, as DIR reaction is facilitated at a higher temperature. It is also found that neglecting the electrochemical oxidation of CO can considerably underestimate the total current density of SOFC running on pre-reformed hydrocarbon fuels. An alternative method is proposed to numerically determine the open-circuit potential of SOFC running on hydrocarbon fuels. Electrochemical reactions are observed at open-circuit potentials.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/7288
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.10.042
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