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Title: 虚拟参考站技术中对流层误差建模方法研究
Other Titles: Research on the modeling of tropospheric delay in virtual reference station
Authors: Xiong, YL
Huang, DF
Ding, XL 
Yin, HT
Keywords: GPS
Virtual reference station (VRS)
Fitting model
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: 科学出版社
Source: 測繪学报 (Acta geodetica et cartographica sinica), May 2006, v. 35, no. 2, p. 118-121, 132 How to cite?
Journal: 測繪学报 (Acta geodetica et cartographica sinica) 
Abstract: 大气折射误差和轨道误差是制约长距离RTK精度的主要因素。虚拟参考站技术利用多个基准站的观测数据来建立大气延迟误差和轨道误差模型,以削弱这些误差的影响。在分析测站高程对对流层延迟建模精度影响的基础上,提出7种含高程影响因子的对流层误差建模模型,并通过两个实例,分析比较这几种对流层建模模型的精度和适用条件。最后,分析和讨论建议模型用于实时动态定位的精度,得出一些有益的结论。
Atmospheric delay,including ionospheric delay and tropospheric delay,is one of the main error sources in the long distance kinematic positioning.Many authors have made great researches on this problem.Atmospheric delay can be modeled by a simulated model,such as Hopfield’s model and Saastamoinen’s model.Neutral atmosphere delay has badly affected precise positioning.Virtual reference station technology is an effective method to reduce the impact of atmospheric error on precise positioning.The location of VRS(usually using the navigation position) can be arbitrarily selected by user.Existing RTK processing software can be applied to long distance RTK if using VRS technology.The key problem in VRS is to model atmospheric delay precisely.For modeling the ionospheric delay,many authors have done great works based on double frequency observables on multi-reference stations.Because of the complexity of tropospheric error,the accuracy of existing tropospheric delay models can not meet the requirement of precise positioning.
After investigating the relationship between tropospheric delays and the elevations of reference stations,this paper presented seven troposphere-fitting models with height factors,and then analyzed the accuracies of proposed fitting models by two experiments.Research results show that the proposed models have better fitting accuracy than traditional method according to the data from part of SCIGN network.The best fitting model is determined by check points.The fitting accuracy depends on the number of known points and their distribution as well as the size of a network.
Based on the test on part of SCIGN network with an area of 60 km×60 km,the height of which is from(-20 m) to 700 m,polynomial fitting model with 4 parameters including one height parameter has the best fitting accuracy(±7.6 mm) if using 5 known points.For an area of 500 km×300 km,polynomial fitting model with 5 parameter including one height parameter is the best one if using 6 points,the accuracy of which is about ±1.8 cm.
For real time application,an extrapolating method was proposed by this paper.Initial test showed that the extrapolating accuracy is about ±9.0 mm.Further experiments need to be done in order to test the accuracy of proposed models in different networks with bigger average height difference than the test network from SCIGN.
ISSN: 1001-1595
Rights: © 2006 中国学术期刊电子杂志出版社。本内容的使用仅限于教育、科研之目的。
© 2006 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. It is to be used strictly for educational and research use.
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