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Title: Quantitative study of atmospheric effects in spaceborne InSAR measurements
Authors: Li, Z
Ding, XL 
Zhu, JJ
Zou, ZR
Keywords: Atmospheric effect
Power law
Total zenith delay
Issue Date: 2005
Source: Journal of Central South University (English Edition) ( 中南大學學報. 英文版), Aug. 2005, v. 12, no. 4, p. 494-498 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of Central South University (English Edition) ( 中南大學學報. 英文版) 
Abstract: Atmospheric effects on interferometric synthetic aperture radar(InSAR) measurements are quantitatively studied based on a tandem pair of SAR data and a month-long continuous GPS tracking data obtained at six stations. Differential atmospheric signals extracted from the SAR data for two selected areas show apparent power law characteristics. The RMS values of the signals are 2.04 and 3.66 rad respectively for the two areas. These differential delays can potentially cause in the two areas peak-to-peak deformation errors of 3.64 and 6.52 cm, respectively, at the 95% confidence level and Gaussian distribution. The respective potential peak-to-peak DEM errors are 123 and 221 m. The GPS tropospheric total zenith delays estimate indicates that a peak-to-peak error of about 7.8 cm can potentially be caused in a SAR interferogram with only 1 d interval at the 95% confidence level. The error increases to about 9.6 cm for 10 d interval. The potential peak-to-peak DEM and deformation errors estimated from GPS total zenith delay measurements are however quite similar to those estimated from InSAR data. This provides us with a useful tool to pre-estimate the potential atmospheric effects in a SAR interferogram before we order the SAR images. Nevertheless, the results reveal that even in a small area the atmospheric delays can obscure centimetre level ground displacements and introduce a few hundred meters of errors to derived DEM.
ISSN: 2095-2899
Rights: © 2005 中国学术期刊电子杂志出版社。本内容的使用仅限于教育、科研之目的。
© 2005 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. It is to be used strictly for educational and research use.
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