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|Title:||A randomized controlled trial of a specific reminiscence approach to promote the well-being of nursing home residents with dementia|
|Authors:||Lai, KYC |
Randomized controlled trial
Nursing home care
|Publisher:||Cambridge University Press published on behalf of the International Psychogeriatric Association|
|Source:||International Psychogeriatrics, Mar. 2004, v. 16, no. 1, p. 33-49 How to cite?|
|Abstract:||Background: To date, no firm conclusions can be reached regarding the effectiveness of reminiscence for dementia. Researchers have emphasized that there is an urgent need for more systematic research in the area.|
Objective and Method: A single-blinded, parallel-groups (one intervention, one comparison, and one no-intervention group) randomized controlled trial (RCT) was adopted to investigate whether a specific reminiscence program leads to higher levels of psychosocial well-being in nursing home residents with dementia. The intervention adopted a life-story approach, while the comparison group provided friendly discussions to control for any changes in outcome as a result of social contacts and attention. The Social Engagement Scale (SES) and Well-being/Ill-being Scale (WIB) were the outcome measures used. The outcomes of the groups were examined with reference to the baseline (T₀), immediately (T₁), and six weeks (T₂) after intervention. The final sample had 101 subjects (control group: n = 30; comparison group: n = 35; intervention group: n = 36). Using multivariate analysis with repeated measures, no significant differences in outcome were found between groups at either T₁ or T₂. Wilcoxon signed rank tests were performed for each group comparing outcomes between T₁ and T₀, T₂ and T₁, and T₂ and T₀. Significant differences were observed in the intervention group when comparing T₁ and T₀ WIB (p = .014), but not for the other groups.
Conclusion: Although the intervention did not lead to significant differences between the three groups over time, there was a significant improvement in psychosocial well-being for the intervention group.
|Rights:||© 2004 International Psychogeriatric Association|
The following article "Claudia K. Y. Lai, Iris Chi and Jeanie Kayser-Jones (2004). A randomized controlled trial of a specific reminiscence approach to promote the well-being of nursing home residents with dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, 16(1), pp 33-49. doi:10.1017/S1041610204000055." is available at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=213689
|Appears in Collections:||Journal/Magazine Article|
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