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Title: Sources and photochemistry of volatile organic compounds in the remote atmosphere of western China : results from the Mt. Waliguan Observatory
Authors: Xue, L
Wang, T 
Guo, H 
Blake, DR
Tang, J
Zhang, XC
Saunders, SM
Wang, WX
Keywords: Air mass
Atmospheric chemistry
Atmospheric pollution
Concentration (composition)
Hydrogen peroxide
Hydroxyl radical
Long range transport
Seasonal variation
Volatile organic compound
Issue Date: 2-Sep-2013
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Source: Atmospheric chemistry and physics, 2 Sept. 2013, v. 13, no. 17, p. 8551-8567 How to cite?
Journal: Atmospheric chemistry and physics 
Abstract: The chemistry of the natural atmosphere and the influence by long-range transport of air pollution are key issues in the atmospheric sciences. Here we present two intensive field measurements of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in late spring and summer of 2003 at Mt. Waliguan (WLG, 36.28°N, 100.90°E, 3816 m a.s.l.), a baseline station in the northeast part of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Most VOC species exhibited higher concentrations in late spring than in summer. A typical diurnal variation was observed with higher nighttime levels, in contrast to results from other mountainous sites. Five different air masses were identified from backward trajectory analysis showing distinct VOC speciation. Air masses originating from the central Eurasian continent contained the lowest VOC levels compared to the others that were impacted by anthropogenic emissions from China and the Indian subcontinent. A photochemical box model based on the Master Chemical Mechanism (version 3.2) and constrained by a full suite of measurements was developed to probe the photochemistry of atmosphere at WLG. Our results show net ozone production from in situ photochemistry during both late spring and summer. Oxidation of nitric oxide (NO) by the hydroperoxyl radical (HO₂) dominates the ozone production relative to the oxidation by the organic peroxy radicals (RO₂), and the ozone is primarily destroyed by photolysis and reactions with the HOₓ (HOₓ = OH + HO₂) radicals. Ozone photolysis is the predominant primary source of radicals (ROₓ = OH + HO₂ + RO₂), followed by the photolysis of secondary oxygenated VOCs and hydrogen peroxides. The radical losses are governed by the self and cross reactions among the radicals. Overall, the findings of the present study provide insights into the background chemistry and the impacts of pollution transport on the pristine atmosphere over the Eurasian continent.
ISSN: 1680-7316
EISSN: 1680-7324
DOI: 10.5194/acp-13-8551-2013
Rights: © Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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