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Title: A constant-power battery charger with inherent soft switching and power factor correction
Authors: Poon, NK
Pong, BMH
Tse, CKM 
Issue Date: Nov-2003
Source: IEEE transactions on power electronics, Nov. 2003, v. 18, no. 6, p. 1262-1269
Abstract: A battery charging circuit, which operates as a constant power source, is proposed in this paper. By maintaining a constant output power throughout the charging process, the circuit reduces the size of thermal installation which would normally be required in the cases of constant-voltage or constant-current charging. The proposed circuit takes the form of a half-bridge converter with an additional small inductor and two extra diodes connected in parallel to two dividing capacitors. Constant power delivery is achieved by the discontinuous-voltage-mode operation of the two dividing capacitors, each of which is connected in parallel with a diode. The circuit enjoys low voltage and current stresses, and achieves soft switching with no extra components. When used off-line, the converter maintains a high input power factor and a low level of input current harmonic distortion that meets international regulations. All the above characteristics are determined only by the values of the circuit parameters, the control mechanism being noncritical. A 12 V 65 W prototype was built to demonstrate the merits of this circuit.
Keywords: Battery charger
Power factor correction
Switching converters
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Journal: IEEE transactions on power electronics 
ISSN: 0885-8993
EISSN: 1941-0107
DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2003.818823
Rights: © 2003 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
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