Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/67339
Title: Why and when leaders' affective states influence employee upward voice
Authors: Liu, W 
Song, ZL
Li, X
Liao, ZY
Keywords: Affect
Employee
Voice
Leadership
LMX
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2017
Publisher: Academy of Management
Source: Academy of management journal, 1 Feb. 2017, v. 60, no. 1, p. 238-263 How to cite?
Journal: Academy of management journal 
Abstract: Although researchers have argued that employees often carefully examine social contexts before speaking up to leaders, the role of leaders' affective states has received little attention. The current research addresses this important issue from an emotion-associal-information perspective by exploring whether, why, and when leaders' affect influences employees' voice behavior. By collecting data of 640 daily interactions from both sides of 85 leader-employee dyads using the experience sampling method through mobile surveys, we found that leaders' positive affect was positively related to employees' voice behavior. Furthermore, such a relationship could be accounted for through employees' psychological safety directly via the emotional contagion mechanism (through employees' own positive affect) but not directly via the signaling mechanism (through employees' assessment of leaders' positive affect); and the effects of both employees' own positive affect and their assessments of leaders' positive affect on psychological safety were stronger when the leader-member exchange relationship was weak. Interestingly, we also found that leaders' negative affect was positively related to employees' voice, but neither emotional contagion nor signaling mechanisms explained this effect. These findings highlight the important role of leaders' affect in the voice process and also provide insights for when employees would choose to speak up to their leaders.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/67339
ISSN: 0001-4273
DOI: 10.5465/amj.2013.1082
Rights: © Academy of Management Journal
The following publication Liu, W., Song, Z., Li, X., & Liao, Z. (2017). Why and when leaders' affective states influence employee upward voice. Academy of Management Journal, 60(1), 238-263 is available at https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2013.1082
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