Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/6641
Title: Family process and peer influences on substance use by adolescents
Authors: Loke Yuen, A 
Mak, YW 
Keywords: Family structure
Family process
Parental style
Substance use
Adolescents
Issue Date: 27-Aug-2013
Publisher: MDPI Ag
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, 27 Aug. 2013, v. 10, no. 9, p. 3868-3885 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health 
Abstract: This study explores the association of family process and peer influences with risk behaviors of adolescents. A total of 805 students were recruited from secondary schools. The results showed that adolescents who have parents who are “authoritarian” (OR = 1.856) were more likely to smoke. Adolescents who have conflicts with their parents (OR = 1.423) were more likely to drink. Those who have parents who are “permissive” were less likely to drink (OR = 0.885). Having friends who smoked (OR = 5.446) or drank (OR = 1.894), and friends’ invitation to smoke (OR = 10.455) or drink (OR = 11.825) were the dominant contributors to adolescent smoking and drinking. Interventions are needed that recognize the strength of the parent-child relationship, as well as strengthen family functioning through improved interpersonal, parenting, and monitoring skills.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/6641
ISSN: 1660-4601 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10093868
Rights: © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
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