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Title: Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre
Authors: Lin, Y
Jin, W 
Yang, F
Ma, J
Wang, C
Ho, HL
Liu, Y 
Issue Date: 2016
Source: Scientific reports, 23 2016, v. 6, no. , 39410, p. 1-12
Abstract: Gas detection with hollow-core photonic bandgap fibre (HC-PBF) and pulsed photothermal (PT) interferometry spectroscopy are studied theoretically and experimentally. A theoretical model is developed and used to compute the gas-absorption-induced temperature and phase modulation in a HC-PBF filled with low-concentration of C2H2 in nitrogen. The PT phase modulation dynamics for different pulse duration, peak power and energy of pump beam are numerically modelled, which are supported by the experimental results obtained around the P(9) absorption line of C2H2 at 1530.371 nm. Thermal conduction is identified as the main process responsible for the phase modulation dynamics. For a constant peak pump power level, the phase modulation is found to increase with pulse duration up to ∼1.2 μs, while it increases with decreasing pulse duration for a constant pulse energy. It is theoretically possible to achieve ppb level detection of C2H2 with ∼1 m length HC-PBF and a pump beam with ∼10 ns pulse duration and ∼100 nJ pulse energy.
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal: Scientific reports 
EISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/srep39410
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
© The Author(s) 2016
The following publication Lin, Y. et al. Pulsed photothermal interferometry for spectroscopic gas detection with hollow-core optical fibre. Sci. Rep. 6, 39410 (2016) is available at
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