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Title: Bi-directional brillouin optical time domain analyzer system for long range distributed sensing
Authors: Guo, N
Wang, L
Wang, J
Jin, C
Tam, HY 
Zhang, AP 
Lu, C 
Keywords: Brillouin scattering
Fiber optics sensors
Optical time domain analyzer
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Source: Sensors, 2016, v. 16, no. 12, 2156 How to cite?
Journal: Sensors 
Abstract: We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel scheme of bi-directional Brillouin time domain analyzer (BD-BOTDA) to extend the sensing range. By deploying two pump-probe pairs at two different wavelengths, the Brillouin frequency shift (BFS) distribution over each half of the whole fiber can be obtained with the simultaneous detection of Brillouin signals in both channels. Compared to the conventional unidirectional BOTDA system of the same sensing range, the proposed BD-BOTDA scheme enables distributed sensing with a performance level comparable to the conventional one with half of the sensing range and a spatial resolution of 2 m, while maintaining the Brillouin signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and the BFS uncertainty. Based on this technique, we have achieved distributed temperature sensing with a measurement range of 81.9 km fiber at a spatial resolution of 2 m and BFS uncertainty of ~0.44 MHz without introducing any complicated components or schemes.
EISSN: 1424-8220
DOI: 10.3390/s16122156
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