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Title: Mahjong playing and eye-hand coordination in older adults - a cross-sectional study
Authors: Tsang, WWN 
Wong, GCK
Gao, KL
Keywords: Aging
Eye-hand coordination
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Society of Physical Therapy Science
Source: Journal of physical therapy science, 2016, v. 28, no. 10, p. 2955-2960 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of physical therapy science 
Abstract: [Purpose] Eye-hand coordination declines with age, but physical activity is known to slow down the degeneration. Playing mahjong involves lots of eye-hand coordination. The objective was to investigate the relationship between playing mahjong and eye-hand coordination in older adults using a fast finger-pointing paradigm.
[Subjects and Methods] Forty-one community dwelling older adults aged sixty or above were recruited by convenience sampling in this cross-sectional study. They were tested on their ability to point quickly and accurately 1) toward a stationary visual target and 2) toward a moving visual target.
[Results] The mahjong players demonstrated significantly better end-point accuracy when pointing with their non-dominant hand toward a stationary target. They also demonstrated significantly faster movement of their dominant hands; shorter reaction times and better end-point accuracy when pointing with their non-dominant hands toward a moving target. [Conclusion] Mahjong players have better eye-hand coordination than non-players. Playing mahjong could usefully be introduced to older adults as a leisure time activity.
ISSN: 0915-5287
EISSN: 2187-5626
DOI: 10.1589/jpts.28.2955
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