Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/65319
Title: Religious fragmentation, social identity and conflict : evidence from an artefactual field experiment in India
Authors: Chakravarty, S
Fonseca, MA
Ghosh, S 
Marjit, S
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Source: PLoS one, 2016, v. 11, no. 10, e0164708 How to cite?
Journal: PLoS one 
Abstract: We examine the impact of religious identity and village-level religious fragmentation on behavior in Tullock contests. We report on a series of two-player Tullock contest experiments conducted on a sample of 516 Hindu and Muslim participants in rural West Bengal, India. Our treatments are the identity of the two players and the degree of religious fragmentation in the village where subjects reside. Our main finding is that the effect of social identity is small and inconsistent across the two religious groups in our study. While we find small but statistically significant results in line with our hypotheses in the Hindu sample, we find no statistically significant effects in the Muslim sample. This is in contrast to evidence from Chakravarty et al. (2016), who report significant differences in cooperation levels in prisoners' dilemma and stag hunt games, both in terms of village composition and identity. We attribute this to the fact that social identity may have a more powerful effect on cooperation than on conflict.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/65319
EISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164708
Rights: © 2016 Chakravarty et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The following publication: Chakravarty S, Fonseca MA, Ghosh S, Marjit S (2016) Religious Fragmentation, Social Identity and Conflict: Evidence from an Artefactual Field Experiment in India. PLoS ONE 11(10): e0164708 is available at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164708
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