Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/6503
Title: Thermo-electrochemical modeling of ammonia-fueled solid oxide fuel cells considering ammonia thermal decomposition in the anode
Authors: Ni, M 
Keywords: Solid oxide fuel cells
Heat transfer
Electrochemistry
Porous media
Ammonia thermal decomposition
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: International journal of hydrogen energy, Feb. 2011, v. 36, no. 4, p. 3153-3166 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of hydrogen energy 
Abstract: Ammonia (NH₃) is a promising hydrogen carrier and a possible fuel for use in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs). In this study, a 2D thermo-electrochemical model is developed to investigate the heat/mass transfer, chemical (ammonia thermal decomposition) and electrochemical reactions in a planar SOFC running on ammonia. The model integrates three sub-models: (1) an electrochemical model relating the current density–voltage characteristics; (2) a chemical model calculating the rate of ammonia thermal decomposition reaction; (3) a 2D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model that simulates the heat and mass transfer phenomena. Simulations are conducted to study the complicated physical–chemical processes in NH₃-fueled SOFCs. It is found that increasing the inlet temperature of NH₃-fueled SOFC is favorable for a higher electric output, but the temperature gradient in the SOFC is considerably higher, particularly near the inlet of the SOFC. The effects of operating potential and inlet gas velocity on NH3-fueled SOFC performance are investigated. It is found that an increase in inlet gas velocity from 1 m s⁻¹ to 10 m s⁻¹ slightly decreases the SOFC performance and does not affect the temperature field significantly. For comparison, decreasing the gas velocity to 0.2 m s⁻¹ is more effective to reduce the temperature gradient in SOFC.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/6503
ISSN: 0360-3199
EISSN: 1879-3487
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.11.100
Rights: © 2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Posted with permission of Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu.
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