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Title: On-chip integratable all-optical quantizer using strong cross-phase modulation in a silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguide
Authors: Kang, Z
Yuan, J
Zhang, X
Sang, X
Wang, K
Wu, Q
Yan, B
Li, F
Zhou, X
Zhong, K
Zhou, G
Yu, C
Farrell, G
Lu, C 
Tam, HY 
Wai, PKA 
Issue Date: 2016
Source: Scientific reports, 18 2016, v. 6, no. , p. 1-12
Abstract: High performance all-optical quantizer based on silicon waveguide is believed to have significant applications in photonic integratable optical communication links, optical interconnection networks, and real-time signal processing systems. In this paper, we propose an integratable all-optical quantizer for on-chip and low power consumption all-optical analog-to-digital converters. The quantization is realized by the strong cross-phase modulation and interference in a silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) slot waveguide based Mach-Zehnder interferometer. By carefully designing the dimension of the SOH waveguide, large nonlinear coefficients up to 16,000 and 18,069 W-1/m for the pump and probe signals can be obtained respectively, along with a low pulse walk-off parameter of 66.7 fs/mm, and all-normal dispersion in the wavelength regime considered. Simulation results show that the phase shift of the probe signal can reach 8p at a low pump pulse peak power of 206 mW and propagation length of 5 mm such that a 4-bit all-optical quantizer can be realized. The corresponding signal-to-noise ratio is 23.42 dB and effective number of bit is 3.89-bit.
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal: Scientific reports 
EISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/srep19528
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
The following publication Kang, Z. et al. On-chip integratable all-optical quantizer using strong cross-phase modulation in a silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguide. Sci. Rep. 6, 19528 (2016) is available at
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