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Title: Trans-boundary aerosol transport during a winter haze episode in China revealed by ground-based Lidar and CALIPSO satellite
Authors: Qin, K
Wu, L
Wong, MS 
Letu, H
Hu, M
Lang, H
Sheng, S
Teng, J
Xiao, X
Yuan, L
Issue Date: 2016
Source: Atmospheric environment, 2016, v. 141, p. 20-29
Abstract: By employing PM2.5 observation data, ground-based lidar measurements, MODIS and CALIPSO satellite images, meteorological data, and back trajectories analysis, we investigate a trans-boundary transport of aerosols during a large-area haze episode in China during 3-5 January 2015. The ground-based lidar observations indicated similar episodes of external aerosols passing through and mixing into three East China cities. A considerable amount of total AOD below 3 km (46% in average) was contributed by the external aerosol layers during passing over and importing. CALIPSO satellite observations of central and eastern China revealed a high altitude pollutant belt on January 3. Although the severest ground pollution was found in central and south-eastern Hebei, the high altitude pollution transport was greater in south-western Shandong, north-western Jiangsu, and north-western Anhui. These observations along with the analysis of air mass trajectories and wind fields indicates pollutants moving from Hebei, Henan and Hubei probably contributed to the haze pollution in Shandong and Jiangsu. This study reveals haze transports from North China Plain to East China could be a common phenomenon influenced by the winter monsoon in northern China. Hence, effective control of air pollution requires collaboration among different cities and provinces throughout China. The long-term measurements of aerosol vertical properties by ground-based lidar and CALIPSO are extremely valuable in quantifying the contributions of external factors and will be helpful in validating and improving various air quality models.
Keywords: Aerosol
Trans-boundary transport
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Journal: Atmospheric environment 
ISSN: 1352-2310
EISSN: 1873-2844
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.06.042
Rights: © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Qin, K., Wu, L., Wong, M. S., Letu, H., Hu, M., Lang, H., ... & Yuan, L. (2016). Trans-boundary aerosol transport during a winter haze episode in China revealed by ground-based Lidar and CALIPSO satellite. Atmospheric environment, 141, 20-29 is available at
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