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Title: Spatiotemporal subpixel mapping of time-series images
Authors: Wang, Q
Shi, W 
Atkinson, PM
Issue Date: 2016
Source: IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing, 2016, v. 54, no. 9, 7478035, p. 5397-5411
Abstract: Land cover/land use (LCLU) information extraction from multitemporal sequences of remote sensing imagery is becoming increasingly important. Mixed pixels are a common problem in Landsat and MODIS images that are used widely for LCLU monitoring. Recently developed subpixel mapping (SPM) techniques can extract LCLU information at the subpixel level by dividing mixed pixels into subpixels to which hard classes are then allocated. However, SPM has rarely been studied for time-series images (TSIs). In this paper, a spatiotemporal SPM approach was proposed for SPM of TSIs. In contrast to conventional spatial dependence-based SPM methods, the proposed approach considers simultaneously spatial and temporal dependences, with the former considering the correlation of subpixel classes within each image and the latter considering the correlation of subpixel classes between images in a temporal sequence. The proposed approach was developed assuming the availability of one fine spatial resolution map which exists among the TSIs. The SPM of TSIs is formulated as a constrained optimization problem. Under the coherence constraint imposed by the coarse LCLU proportions, the objective is to maximize the spatiotemporal dependence, which is defined by blending both spatial and temporal dependences. Experiments on three data sets showed that the proposed approach can provide more accurate subpixel resolution TSIs than conventional SPM methods. The SPM results obtained from the TSIs provide an excellent opportunity for LCLU dynamic monitoring and change detection at a finer spatial resolution than the available coarse spatial resolution TSIs.
Keywords: Land cover/land use (LCLU) monitoring
Spatiotemporal dependence
Subpixel mapping (SPM)
Superresolution mapping
Time-series images (TSIs)
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Journal: IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing 
ISSN: 0196-2892
EISSN: 1558-0644
DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2016.2562178
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