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Title: Correction of incidence angle and distance effects on TLS intensity data based on reference targets
Authors: Tan, K
Cheng, X
Keywords: Distance
Incidence angle
Intensity correction
Lambert's cosine law
Radar range equation
Terrestrial laser scanning
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Source: Remote sensing, 2016, v. 8, no. 3, 251 How to cite?
Journal: Remote sensing 
Abstract: The original intensity value recorded by terrestrial laser scanners is influenced by multiple variables, among which incidence angle and distance play a crucial and dominant role. Further studies on incidence angle and distance effects are required to improve the accuracy of currently available methods and to implement these methods in practical applications. In this study, the effects of incidence angle and distance on intensity data of the Faro Focus3D 120 terrestrial laser scanner are investigated. A new method is proposed to eliminate the incidence angle and distance effects. The proposed method is based on the linear interpolation of the intensity values of reference targets previously scanned at various incidence angles and distances. Compared with existing methods, a significant advantage of the proposed method is that estimating the specific function forms of incidence angle versus intensity and distance versus intensity is no longer necessary; these are canceled out when the scanned and reference targets are measured at the same incidence angle and distance. Results imply that the proposed method has high accuracy and simplicity in eliminating incidence angle and distance effects and can significantly reduce the intensity variations caused by these effects on homogeneous surfaces.
EISSN: 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs8030251
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