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Title: Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanate glasses
Authors: Xu, B
Zhou, S
Tan, D
Hong, Z
Hao, JH 
Qiu, J
Keywords: Bismuth
Doping (additives)
Energy transfer
Infrared devices
Optical communication
Ultra-wideband (UWB)
Issue Date: 22-Feb-2013
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Source: Journal of applied physics, 22 Feb. 2013, v. 113, no. 8, 083503, p. 1-8 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of applied physics 
Abstract: Here, we present three facile approaches to achieve wavelength tunable luminescence in the same host material with single dopant, i.e., by modulating doping level, preparation temperature, and atmosphere. Based on these methods, ultra-broadband tunable near-infrared luminescence with the largest full width at half maximum of about 500 nm covering the whole windows of optical communication has been obtained in bismuth-doped germanate glasses. Wavelength tunable luminescence is also observed with the change of excitation wavelength. Systematical strategy was followed to approach the physical origin of the near-infrared luminescence and we proposed that three different bismuth active centers contribute to the near-infrared luminescence in the germanate glasses. A comprehensive explanation for the tunable luminescence is given, combining the concentration, energy transfer, and chemical equilibrium of these active centers in the glasses. With the increase of melting temperatures and the increase of reducing extent of the preparation atmosphere, bismuth species transform from Bi ³ ⁺ to Bi ² ⁺, Bi ⁺, Bi ⁰ and bismuth clusters, and then to bismuth colloid. Of particular interest is that red tunable luminescence was also observed by modulating doping level, preparation atmosphere, and excitation wavelength. Besides, the trapped-electron centers in germanate glasses can interact with bismuth species of high valence states leading to the formation of bismuth active centers of low valence states and the decrease of trapped-electron centers. This tunable ultra-broadband luminescence is helpful for a better understanding of the origin of the near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses and may have potential applications in varieties of optical devices.
ISSN: 0021-8979
EISSN: 1089-7550
DOI: 10.1063/1.4791698
Rights: © 2013 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Beibei Xu et al., J. Appl. Phys. 113, 083503 (2013) and may be found at
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