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Title: Longitudinal and transverse piezoelectric coefficients of lead zirconate titanate/vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene composites with different polarization states
Authors: Zeng, R
Kwok, KW 
Chan, HLW 
Choy, CL
Keywords: Lead compounds
Filled polymers
Polymer blends
Piezoelectric thin films
Dielectric polarisation
Dielectric depolarisation
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2002
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Source: Journal of applied physics, 1 Sept. 2002, v. 92, no. 5, p. 2674-2679 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of applied physics 
Abstract: Composite films comprising lead zirconate titanate (PZT) ceramic particles dispersed in a vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene copolymer matrix have been prepared by compression molding. The ceramic and copolymer phases of the composite films are polarized separately, resulting in samples with three different polarization states: only the ceramic phase polarized, both phases polarized in the same direction, and two phases polarized in opposite directions. The effect of polarization state on the longitudinal and transverse piezoelectric coefficients (d₃₃ and d₃₁) of the composite film has been investigated as functions of ceramic volume fraction Φ[sub c]. When the ceramic and copolymer phases of a composite film are polarized in the same direction, their piezoelectric activities partially cancel each other, thereby giving almost zero piezoelectric activity at Φ[sub c]~0.4. On the other hand, when the phases of a composite film are polarized in opposite directions, their piezoelectric activities reinforce. However, depolarization of the ceramic phase is observed at high Φ[sub c], leading to a decrease in the piezoelectric activity. The observed d₃₃ and d₃₁ values for the composite films agree well with theoretical predictions.
ISSN: 0021-8979
Rights: © 2002 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in R. Zeng et al., J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2674 (2002) and may be found at
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