Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Smart garment for trunk posture monitoring : a preliminary study
Authors: Wong, WY
Wong, MS 
Keywords: Smart garment
Trunk posture
Issue Date: 20-May-2008
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Source: Scoliosis, 20 May 2008, v. 3, 7, p. 1-9 How to cite?
Journal: Scoliosis 
Abstract: Background: Poor postures of the spine have been considered in association with a number of spinal musculoskeletal disorders, including structural deformity of the spine and back pain. Improper posturing for the patients with spinal disorders may further deteriorate their pain and deformities. Therefore, posture training has been proposed and its rationale is to use the patient's own back muscles to keep the spine within the natural curvature. A posture training device may help to facilitate this therapeutic approach by providing continuous posture monitoring and feedback signals to the patient when "poor" posture is detected. In addition, the users of the device may learn good postural habits that could carry over into their whole life.
Methods: A smart garment with integrated accelerometers and gyroscopes, which can detect postural changes in terms of curvature variation of the spine in the sagittal and coronal planes, has been developed with intention to facilitate posture training. The smart garment was evaluated in laboratory tests and with 5 normal subjects during their daily activities.
Results: Laboratory tests verified that the accuracy of the system is < 1° and < 1.5° in static and dynamic tilting measurements respectively. The results showed that the smart garment could facilitate subjects to prevent prolonged poor postures of the spine, especially the posture of the lumbar spine in which at least 40% of the time in poor posture were reduced.
Conclusion: The smart garment has been developed to be a portable and user-friendly trunk posture monitoring system and it could be used for collection of the trunk posture information and provision of instant feedback to the user if necessary for posture training purpose. The current pilot study demonstrated that the posture of normal subjects could be monitored and trained via this smart garment. With further clinical investigations, this system could be considered in some flexible spinal deformities such as scoliosis and kyphosis.
ISSN: 1748-7161
DOI: 10.1186/1748-7161-3-7
Rights: © 2008 Wong and Wong; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Wong_Smart_garment_trunk.pdf555.21 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record
PIRA download icon_1.1View/Download Contents


Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Aug 15, 2018

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Aug 14, 2018


Citations as of Aug 14, 2018

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.