Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/44090
Title: Perturbation mapping of water leak in buried water pipes via laboratory validation experiments with high-frequency ground penetrating radar (GPR)
Authors: Lai, WWL 
Chang, RKW
Sham, JFC
Pang, K
Keywords: Ground penetrating radar
Water leak
Water perturbation patterns
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Tunnelling and underground space technology, 2016, v. 52, p. 157-167 How to cite?
Journal: Tunnelling and underground space technology 
Abstract: This paper studies the perturbation patterns of GPR images as a tool for water leakage detection in buried water pipes with laboratory experiments. Different perturbations patterns on GPR signals due to a water leak of metallic and PVC pipes buried in a sand box, were mapped and studied with controlled water injection and leak volume, as well as a fixed leak position in the pipes. These perturbation patterns of signal strength include the tale-tell signs of a central leak point and propagation of the radial wetting front vortex centered around the leak point at different injection times. These patterns, compared to the no-leak dry condition, were interpreted with the conventional principles of dielectric contrast and reflection coefficients, and the associated reflection and absorption mechanisms. It is believed that this set of data will serve as an image matching fingerprint to identify and map water leaks in the field.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/44090
ISSN: 0886-7798
DOI: 10.1016/j.tust.2015.10.017
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