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Title: The choice of a park management model : a case study of Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam
Authors: Ly, TP
Xiao, H 
Issue Date: Jan-2016
Source: Tourism management perspectives, Jan. 2016, v. 17, p. 1-15
Abstract: Establishing balance among the mandates for recreation, conservation and economy makes sustainable tourism management of parks and protected areas a challenge. The Vietnamese park system continues to transform into different management models. In 2006, the Special-Use Forests Policy introduced the co-existing management model, under which power is distributed between the public and private sectors. The unique model has long been applied to the management of parks in Vietnam, but no explanation has ever been given on how the model was chosen. This study investigates the co-existing management model in the Vietnamese park system using the Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park as a case study. The research examines the development process of the Vietnamese park system and identifies the factors behind the transformation into the current management model. As such, the study provides a theoretical explanation of the choice of the co-existing management model in Vietnamese national parks, and discusses its practical implications to park management in other countries.
Keywords: Concession
Park management
Phong nha-ke bang national park
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Tourism management perspectives 
ISSN: 2211-9736
DOI: 10.1016/j.tmp.2015.10.004
Rights: © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
© 2015 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Tourism Management Perspectives. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. The definitive version Ly, T. P., & Xiao, H. (2016). The choice of a park management model: A case study of Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam. Tourism management perspectives, 17, 1-15 is available at
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