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Title: Simulation of electromechanical responses of ferroelectric ceramics driven by combined alternating electrical and mechanical loadings
Authors: Lo, VC
Chung, WWY
Chow, CK
Keywords: Lead compounds
Ferroelectric ceramics
Dielectric polarisation
Potts model
Electric domain walls
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2007
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Source: Journal of applied physics, 1 June 2007, v. 101, no. 11, 114111, p. 1-6 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of applied physics 
Abstract: The experimental result on dielectric and mechanical properties of PbZrₓTi₁₋ₓO₃ driven by combined alternating electrical and mechanical loadings in various phase differences has been obtained by Zhou et al. [J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6634 (2004)]. This paper presents the numerical simulation of this result using a two-dimensional four state Potts model. In this model, there are four different dipole orientations to reflect the coexistence of 90° and 180° domain walls. The coupling between the electrical and mechanical responses is implemented by the presence of two different ferroelastic strain states which are associated to the four different dipole orientations. The interactions of these dipoles and strains together with the mechanical energy density are incorporated into the system Hamiltonian. The enhanced and reduced electromechanical responses when the electric field and the compressive stress are out of phase and in phase, respectively, are reproduced by our model.
ISSN: 0021-8979 (print)
1089-7550 (online)
DOI: 10.1063/1.2743819
Rights: © 2007 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in V. C. Lo, W. W. Y. Chung & S. C. K. Chow, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 114111 (2007) and may be found at
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