Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/4191
Title: Optical studies of transparent ferroelectric strontium-barium niobate/silica nanocomposite
Authors: Lu, SG
Mak, CL 
Wong, KH
Keywords: Silicon compounds
Strontium compounds
Barium compounds
Ferroelectric ceramics
Nanocomposites
Transparency
X-ray diffraction
Raman spectra
Annealing
Crystallites
Particle size
Differential scanning calorimetry
Ferroelectric transitions
Photoluminescence
Ultraviolet spectra
Visible spectra
Spectral line shift
Refractive index
Ellipsometry
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2003
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Source: Journal of applied physics, 1 Sept. 2003, v. 94, no. 5, p. 3422-3426 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of applied physics 
Abstract: Transparent ferroelectric strontium–barium niobate (SBN) doped silica nanocomposites were prepared via a modified sol–gel process. Their structural properties were characterized by x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. It was found that by annealing the nanocomposites at temperatures between 600 and 800 °C, pure tetragonal tungsten bronze phase SBN crystallites with sizes ranging from 8 to 23 nm were obtained. Differential scanning calorimetry measurement has indicated that nanometer size ferroelectric SBN has a reduced phase transition temperature compared with that of bulk SBN. Photoluminescence and optical transmission studies of these composites have revealed noticeable blueshifts in the emission band peak and the absorption edge, respectively. The refractive index of the nanocomposite annealed at 700 °C was measured by ellipsometry. The value obtained is larger than that of pure sol–gel derived silica but smaller than that of SBN crystal, and can be described by the Bruggeman effective medium approximation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/4191
ISSN: 0021-8979 (print)
1089-7550 (online)
DOI: 10.1063/1.1599047
Rights: © 2003 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in S. G. Lu, C. L. Mak & K. H. Wong, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 3422 (2003) and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?jap/94/3422.
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