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Title: Ambient-temperature incorporated hydrogen in Nb:SrTiO₃ single crystals
Authors: Dai, J 
Chen, WP
Pang, GKH
Lee, PF
Lam, HK
Wu, W
Chan, HLW 
Keywords: Dielectric materials
X-ray diffraction
Strontium compounds
Ion implantation
Fourier transform spectra
Infrared spectra
Electrical conductivity
Issue Date: 12-May-2003
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Source: Applied physics letters, 12 May 2003, v. 82, no. 19, p. 3296-3298 How to cite?
Journal: Applied physics letters 
Abstract: Electrolysis of water has been implemented to inject hydrogen into the SrTiO₃ single crystal doped with 1 wt% of Nb. Direct evidence of OH‾ group formation in the Nb:SrTiO₃ single crystal has been obtained by Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) analysis, showing an intensity increase of the absorption at a wave number of about 3500 cm‾¹. FTIR analysis also revealed lattice relaxation due to hydrogen doping. High-resolution x-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis further illustrated lattice expansion, as evidenced by the left shift of the SrTiO₃ (200) peak for the hydrogen doped sample. The decrease in the XRD rocking curve linewidth of this (200) peak for the hydrogen-doped sample suggested that hydrogen doping relaxed the local constraints in the crystal. In contrast to the usual great increase in conductivity of insulating perovskite oxides by hydrogen doping, an obvious decrease in conductivity of the highly conductive Nb:SrTiO₃ single crystal was observed after hydrogen doping.
ISSN: 0003-6951
Rights: © 2003 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Dai J.Y. et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3296 (2003) and may be found at
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