Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/36266
Title: Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering
Authors: Bai, GX
Zhang, Y
Hao, JH 
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Source: Scientific reports, 2014, v. 4 How to cite?
Journal: Scientific reports 
Abstract: We report the tunable near-infrared luminescence of Ni2+ doped SrTiO3 (STO:Ni) thin film grown on piezoelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)(0.7)Ti0.3O3 (PMN-PT) substrate via strain engineering differing from conventional chemical approach. Through controlling the thickness of STO: Ni film, the luminescent properties of the films including emission wavelength and bandwidth, as well as lifetime can be effectively tuned. The observed phenomena can be explained by the variation in the crystal field around Ni2+ ions caused by strain due to the lattice mismatch. Moreover, the modulation of strain can be controlled under an external electric field via converse piezoelectric effect of PMN-PT used in this work. Consequently, controllable emission of the STO: Ni thin film is demonstrated in a reversible and real-time way, arising from the biaxial strain produced by piezoelectric PMN-PT. Physical mechanism behind the observation is discussed. This work will open a door for not only investigating the luminescent properties of the phosphors via piezoelectric platform, but also potentially developing novel planar light sources.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/36266
EISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/srep05724
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