Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/36226
Title: Beclin 1 is required for neuron viability and regulates endosome pathways via the UVRAG-VPS34 complex
Authors: McKnight, NC
Zhong, Y
Wold, MS
Gong, SC
Phillips, GR
Dou, ZX
Zhao, YX 
Heintz, N
Zong, WX
Yue, ZY
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Source: Plos genetics, 2014, v. 10, no. 10, e1004626 How to cite?
Journal: Plos genetics 
Abstract: Deficiency of autophagy protein beclin 1 is implicated in tumorigenesis and neurodegenerative diseases, but the molecular mechanism remains elusive. Previous studies showed that Beclin 1 coordinates the assembly of multiple VPS34 complexes whose distinct phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase III (PI3K-III) lipid kinase activities regulate autophagy at different steps. Recent evidence suggests a function of beclin 1 in regulating multiple VPS34-mediated trafficking pathways beyond autophagy; however, the precise role of beclin 1 in autophagy-independent cellular functions remains poorly understood. Herein we report that beclin 1 regulates endocytosis, in addition to autophagy, and is required for neuron viability in vivo. We find that neuronal beclin 1 associates with endosomes and regulates EEA1/early endosome localization and late endosome formation. Beclin 1 maintains proper cellular phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI(3) P) distribution and total levels, and loss of beclin 1 causes a disruption of active Rab5 GTPase-associated endosome formation and impairment of endosome maturation, likely due to a failure of Rab5 to recruit VPS34. Furthermore, we find that Beclin 1 deficiency causes complete loss of the UVRAG-VPS34 complex and associated lipid kinase activity. Interestingly, beclin 1 deficiency impairs p40 phox linked endosome formation, which is rescued by overexpressed UVRAG or beclin 1, but not by a coiled-coil domain-truncated beclin 1 (a UVRAG-binding mutant), Atg14L or RUBICON. Thus, our study reveals the essential role for beclin 1 in neuron survival involving multiple membrane trafficking pathways including endocytosis and autophagy, and suggests that the UVRAG-beclin 1 interaction underlies beclin 1's function in endocytosis.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/36226
ISSN: 1553-7390 (print)
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004626
Rights: © 2014 McKnight et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The following publication: McKnight NC, Zhong Y, Wold MS, Gong S, Phillips GR, Dou Z, et al. (2014) Beclin 1 Is Required for Neuron Viability and Regulates Endosome Pathways via the UVRAG-VPS34 Complex. PLoS Genet 10(10): e1004626 is available at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004626
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