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Title: Core stability exercise is as effective as task-oriented motor training in improving motor proficiency in children with developmental coordination disorder : a randomized controlled pilot study
Authors: Au, MK
Chan, WM
Lee, L
Chen, TMK
Chau, RMW
Pang, MYC 
Keywords: Task oriented practice
Core stability training
Developmental coordination disorder
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Clinical rehabilitation, 2014, v. 28, no. 10, p. 992-1003 How to cite?
Journal: Clinical rehabilitation 
Abstract: Objective: To compare the effectiveness of a core stability program with a task-oriented motor training program in improving motor proficiency in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Design: Randomized controlled pilot trial.
Setting: Outpatient unit in a hospital. Participants: Twenty-two children diagnosed with DCD aged 6-9 years were randomly allocated to the core stability program or the task-oriented motor program. Intervention: Both groups underwent their respective face-to-face training session once per week for eight consecutive weeks. They were also instructed to carry out home exercises on a daily basis during the intervention period.
Main measures: Short Form of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (Second Edition) and Sensory Organization Test at pre- and post-intervention.
Results: Intention-to-treat analysis revealed no significant between-group difference in the change of motor proficiency standard score (P=0.717), and composite equilibrium score derived from the Sensory Organization Test (P=0.100). Further analysis showed significant improvement in motor proficiency in both the core stability (mean change (SD)=6.3(5.4); p=0.008) and task-oriented training groups (mean change(SD)=5.1(4.0); P=0.007). The composite equilibrium score was significantly increased in the task-oriented training group (mean change (SD) =6.0(5.5); P=0.009), but not in the core stability group (mean change(SD) =0.0(9.6); P=0.812). In the task-oriented training group, compliance with the home program was positively correlated with change in motor proficiency (rho=0.680, P=0.030) and composite equilibrium score (rho=0.638, P=0.047).
Conclusion: The core stability exercise program is as effective as task-oriented training in improving motor proficiency among children with DCD.
ISSN: 0269-2155
EISSN: 1477-0873
DOI: 10.1177/0269215514527596
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