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Title: Effectiveness of online cognitive behavioral therapy on family caregivers of people with dementia
Authors: Kwok, T
Au, A 
Wong, B
Ip, I
Mak, V
Ho, F
Keywords: Online intervention
Dementia caregiver
Emotional self-efficacy
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
Source: Clinical interventions in aging, 2014, v. 9, p. 631-636 How to cite?
Journal: Clinical interventions in aging 
Abstract: Purpose:Family caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) may receive caregiver training because of logistical constraints and privacy concerns. This study evaluated the effectiveness of an online intervention for family caregivers of PWD in improving their self-efficacy in managing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), and their emotion well-being.
Subjects and methods: A total of 36 family caregivers of people with dementia participated in a 9-week online intervention based on the cognitive behavioral therapy model. Outcomes of the intervention were measured by the Chinese version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire and two domains of the Revised Scale for Caregiving Self-Efficacy. Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare the change in outcome variables.
Results: The severity of BPSD of PWD and BPSD-related distress in family caregivers showed a statistically significant reduction after the intervention. Subgroup analysis showed self-efficacy in controlling upsetting thoughts significantly improved in caregivers of PWD at moderate to severe stages.
Conclusion: Online cognitive behavioral therapy for family caregivers reduced BPSD of PWD and the related distress in their caregivers.
ISSN: 1176-9092
EISSN: 1178-1998
DOI: 10.2147/CIA.S56337
Rights: © 2014 Kwok et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms (
The following publication: Kwok, T., Au, A., Wong, B., Ip, I., Mak, V., & Ho, F. (2014). Effectiveness of online cognitive behavioral therapy on family caregivers of people with dementia. Clinical interventions in aging, 9, 631-6 is available at
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