Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: A novel instrument for logging nearwork distance
Authors: Leung, TW
Flitcroft, DI
Wallman, J
Lee, TH
Zheng, Y 
Lam, CSY 
Kee, CS 
Keywords: Instrument
Near working distance
Reading habits
Refractive error
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: Ophthalmic and physiological optics, 2011, v. 31, no. 2, p. 137-144 How to cite?
Journal: Ophthalmic and physiological optics 
Abstract: Purpose: To validate a novel ultrasonic sensor for logging reading distances. In addition, this device was used to compare the habitual reading distances between low and high myopes. Methods: First, the stability and sensitivity of the ultrasonic device were determined by repeated measures using artificial targets. Then, thirty Hong Kong Chinese (20-30years) were recruited, of whom fifteen were considered to be high myopes (mean±S.D.=-8.7±0.5D) and 15 to be low to non-myopes (mean±S.D.=-2.0±0.2D). Each subject read a newspaper with their habitual visual aid continuously for 10min in two sessions at their preferred working distance(s). The reading distances were recorded continuously using a novel nearwork analyzer. The modal working distance was considered as the 'habitual' reading distance. In addition, habitual reading distance was reported orally by each subject. Results: The nearwork analyzer gave accurate and repeatable measurements over a range of distances and angles. Using this instrument, high myopes were found to have a significantly shorter reading distance than low myopes or non-myopes (mean±S.D.=35.9±9.8cm vs 50.9±24.8cm; two-sample t-test, p=0.04, df=18). The reading distances reported orally by the subjects were not correlated with those recorded by the nearwork analyzer. Conclusions: The nearwork analyzer was found to be an effective tool for measuring nearwork reading distance in a small group of emmetropic and myopic adults over a 10min interval. Differences between the reading distance between high myopes and low/non-myopes was detected by the device. Further study is needed to determine if a closer working distance is a cause or effect of myopia development.
ISSN: 0275-5408
EISSN: 1475-1313
DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2010.00814.x
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record


Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Dec 4, 2018


Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Dec 13, 2018

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Dec 16, 2018

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.