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Title: Modeling of a solid oxide electrolysis cell for carbon dioxide electrolysis
Authors: Ni, M 
Keywords: Solid oxide electrolyte
Transport phenomena
Porous media
Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
Finite volume method (FVM)
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Chemical engineering journal, 15 Oct. 2010, v. 164, no. 1, p. 246-254 How to cite?
Journal: Chemical engineering journal 
Abstract: In this study, two models are developed to investigate the performance of a solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) for CO₂ electrolysis at different levels. The first model is a one-dimensional model which is basing on a previously developed electrochemical model for steam electrolysis and considered all overpotentials in the SOEC. The second model is a two-dimensional thermal-fluid model consisting of the 1D model and a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. It is found that the mean electrolyte temperature initially decreases with increasing operating potential, reaches the minimum at about 1.1V and increases considerably with a further increase in potential. At the thermal-neutral voltage (1.463V at 1173 K), the calculated mean electrolyte temperature matches the inlet gas temperature. Increasing the operating potential increases both the local current density and the electrolyte Nernst potential. The electrochemical performance can be improved by increasing the inlet gas velocity from 0.2ms⁻¹ to 1.0ms⁻¹ but further increasing the inlet gas velocity will not considerably enhance the SOEC performance. It is also found that a change of electrode permeability in the order of 10⁻¹⁶m² to 10⁻¹³m² does not noticeably influence the SOEC performance in the present study, due to negligible convection effect in the porous electrodes.
ISSN: 1385-8947
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2010.08.032
Rights: Chemical Engineering Journal © 2010 Elsevier. The journal web site is located at
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