Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27797
Title: The anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action of nanocrystalline silver and manuka honey on the molecular alternation of diabetic foot ulcer: A comprehensive literature review
Authors: Tsang, KK
Kwong, EWY 
Woo, KY
To, TSS 
Chung, JWY
Wong, TKS
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Source: Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine, 2015, v. 2015, 218283 How to cite?
Journal: Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine 
Abstract: Honey and silver have been used since ancient times for treating wounds. Their widespread clinical application has attracted attention in light of the increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. While there have been a number of studies exploring the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects of manuka honey and nanocrystalline silver, their advantages and limitations with regard to the treatment of chronic wounds remain a subject of debate. The aim of this paper is to examine the evidence on the use of nanocrystalline silver and manuka honey for treating diabetic foot ulcers through a critical and comprehensive review of in vitro studies, animal studies, and in vivo studies. The findings from the in vitro and animal studies suggest that both agents have effective antibacterial actions. Their anti-inflammatory action and related impact on wound healing are unclear. Besides, there is no evidence to suggest that any topical agent is more effective for use in treating diabetic foot ulcer. Overall, high-quality, clinical human studies supported by findings from the molecular science on the use of manuka honey or nanocrystalline silver are lacking. There is a need for rigorously designed human clinical studies on the subject to fill this knowledge gap and guide clinical practice.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/27797
ISSN: 1741-427X
EISSN: 1741-4288
DOI: 10.1155/2015/218283
Rights: Copyright © 2015 Ka-Kit Tsang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following article: Tsang, K. K., Kwong, E. W. Y., Woo, K. Y., To, T. S. S., Chung, J. W. Y., & Wong, T. K. S. (2015). The anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action of nanocrystalline silver and manuka honey on the molecular alternation of diabetic foot ulcer: a comprehensive literature review. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2015, is available at https//doi.org/10.1155/2015/218283
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