Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25335
Title: A comparative study of tourism supply chains with quantity competition
Authors: Huang, Y
Song, H 
Huang, GQ
Lou, J
Keywords: game theory
Hotel accommodation
Tour operator
Tourism supply chain
Travel agency
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Journal of travel research, 2012, v. 51, no. 6, p. 717-729 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of travel research 
Abstract: This paper studies the impact of the involvement of tour operators in a tourism supply chain with multiple hotels and travel agencies. Tour operators negotiate with upstream hotels on the quantity of hotel rooms and promote the accommodation to downstream travel agencies. Two types of game models are formulated to analyze quantity competition in tourism supply chains with and without a tour operator. We conduct a comparative study of the two cases and explore the effects of various parameters. The results show that when the market size of travel agencies is lower than a certain level, then both travel agencies and hotels benefit more from the presence of a tour operator in a tourism supply chain. Furthermore, in this situation, the fluctuations in the profits of both travel agencies and hotels are more violent as the supply chain's membership changes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/25335
ISSN: 0047-2875
EISSN: 1552-6763
DOI: 10.1177/0047287512451138
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