Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/17046
Title: Negative optical torque
Authors: Chen, J
Ng, J
Ding, K
Fung, KH 
Lin, Z
Chan, CT
Issue Date: 2014
Source: Scientific reports, 17 2014, v. 4, no. , p. 1-7
Abstract: Light carries angular momentum, and as such it can exert torques on material objects. Applications of these opto-mechanical effects were limited initially due to their smallness in magnitude, but later becomes powerful and versatile after the invention of laser. Novel and practical approaches for harvesting light for particle rotation have since been demonstrated, where the structure is always subjected to a positive optical torque along a certain axis if the incident angular momentum has a positive projection on the same axis. We report here an interesting phenomenon of "negative optical torque", meaning that incoming photons carrying angular momentum rotate an object in the opposite sense. Surprisingly this can be realized quite straightforwardly in simple planar structures. Field retardation is a necessary condition and discrete rotational symmetry of material object plays an important role. The optimal conditions are explored and explained.
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal: Scientific reports 
EISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/srep06386
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial NoDerivs 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder in order to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
The following publication Chen, J., Ng, J., Ding, K. et al. Negative Optical Torque. Sci Rep 4, 6386 (2015) is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep06386
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