Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/14108
Title: Challenges in delivering green building projects: Unearthing the transaction costs (TCs)
Authors: Qian, QK
Chan, EHW 
Khalid, AG
Keywords: Government policy
Green building (GB)
Real estate development process (REDP)
Transaction costs (TCs)
Uncertainty
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: MDPI AG
Source: Sustainability (Switzerland), 2015, v. 7, no. 4, p. 3615-3636 How to cite?
Journal: Sustainability (Switzerland) 
Abstract: Delivering green building (GB) projects involve some activities that are atypical in comparison with conventional buildings. Such new activities are characterized by uncertainty, and they incur hidden costs that have not been expected nor are they readily appreciated among the stakeholders. This paper develops a typology and chronology to examine the new activities that are associated with transaction costs (TCs) in the real estate development process (REDP) of green building. Through in-depth interviews with representatives from the major developers in Hong Kong who have experiences in GB practice, this study aims to unearth TCs involved at the critical stages of the REDP. Apart from reconfirming the early project planning stage as the most critical in the consideration of TCs, the study results also identified "extra legal liability risk of the GB product" as the major concern for any GB developer in Hong Kong. The key additional activities that bring significant TCs in developing GB are identified and compared to their traditional counterparts. In turn, project managers not only have to pursue overall cost management whilst winning more business, but they also have to pay particular attention to sustainability in order to minimize hidden societal costs. The study also provides a reference for governments and professionals that will aid in forming policy as well as advance the practice of the GB market by optimizing the societal costs.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/14108
ISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su7043615
Rights: © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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