Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Developing and testing the effectiveness of a novel health qigong for frail elders in Hong Kong : a preliminary study
Authors: Tsang, HWH 
Lee, JLC 
Au, DWH 
Wong, KKW 
Lai, KW
Issue Date: 2013
Source: Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine, 2013, v. 2013, 827392
Abstract: Eight-Section Brocades and Yijin Jing consist of some routine movements that are too difficult for frail elders. A novel health qigong protocol was developed and its effectiveness for frail elders was examined using a randomized clinical trial (RCT). An expert panel performed functional anatomy analysis and safety field test prior to the RCT. The experimental group (n = 61, 83 ± 6 yr) was given a 12-week qigong exercise program, while the comparison group (n = 55, 84 ± 6 yr) participated in a newspaper reading program with the same duration and frequency. Pre-, mid-, post-, and follow-up assessments were conducted. At 12 weeks, the qigong group had significant improvements in thinking operations (F = 4.05, P =.02) and significant reduction of resting heart rate (F = 3.14, P =.045) as compared to the newspaper reading group. A trend of improvements in grip strength and a decreasing trend of depression levels were observed among the qigong group. Significant perceived improvements in physical health (F = 13.01, P =.001), activities of daily living (F = 5.32, P =.03), and overall health status (F = 15.26, P =.0001) were found. There are improvements in some aspects of psychosocial, cognitive, physical, and physiological domains. Clinical applications and possibilities for further research are discussed.
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Journal: Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine 
ISSN: 1741-427X
EISSN: 1741-4288
DOI: 10.1155/2013/827392
Rights: Copyright © 2013 Hector W. H. Tsang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following article: Hector W. H. Tsang, Janet L. C. Lee, Doreen W. H. Au, Karen K. W. Wong, and K. W. Lai, “Developing and Testing the Effectiveness of a Novel Health Qigong for Frail Elders in Hong Kong: A Preliminary Study,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 827392, 11 pages, 2013, is available at
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Tsang_Developing_testing_effectiveness.pdf2.38 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record
PIRA download icon_1.1View/Download Full Text


Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Sep 2, 2020


Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Sep 25, 2020

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Sep 21, 2020


Citations as of Sep 21, 2020

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.