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Title: Game for complete care : a means of connecting 'user-centered design' with sustainability
Authors: Jiang, Y 
Jachna, TJ
Dong, H
Issue Date: Dec-2020
Source: Sustainability, 2 Dec. 2020, v. 12, no. 24, 10555
Abstract: This paper addresses sustainability and gaming from an interior design education perspective, emphasizing the importance of understanding the meaning of 'complete care' and raising the awareness of care among design students. The four-step inquiry was adopted as a methodological framework. The theoretical model of 'complete care' was proposed and the interactive game 'Ideal Home' was developed to raise the awareness of care in design. The game imitated a conversation activity between the interior designer and the client at the early stage of the design process and assisted 'designers' to ask meaningful questions from 'clients' so as to develop a better understanding of their care needs. Six postgraduate students with interior design backgrounds played the game, and they were observed and interviewed. The results suggested that the participants' understanding of care improved after they played the game and they were able to identify more issues and detailed needs through the conversations. The significance of the research is that it proposes a theoretical framework to explain the meaning of 'complete care' in the design process, and also develops a practical tool (i.e., the game) to educate designers about care.
Keywords: Sustainability
Interior design
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: Sustainability 
EISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su122410555
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Jiang, Y.; Jachna, T.J.; Dong, H. Game for Complete Care: A Means of Connecting ‘User-Centered Design’ with Sustainability. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10555 is available at
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