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Title: Localized generalization error model with variable size of neighborhoods and applications in ensemble feature selection
Authors: Chan, Po-fong
Degree: Ph.D.
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: The Localized Generalization Error Model (L-GEM) provides an upper bound of the generalization error for unseen samples located in the Q-neighborhood of each training sample. It originates from the idea that expecting a classifier to recognize unseen samples in the whole input space correctly is unreasonable, as some are very different from training samples. L-GEM has been applied successfully to a wide range of problems, including generic applications such as feature selection, architecture selection, classifier training and selection, and active learning. For domain-specific applications, it has been applied to semantic image classification, bankruptcy prediction, stock market investment strategy enhancement, RFID indoor positioning, content-based information retrieval, and steganalysis. A crucial parameter, Q, is used to adjust the size of neighborhood of each training sample; L-GEM provides an upper bound of the generalization error of the unseen samples in the neighborhood. In current literature, parameter Q is selected using the ad hoc approach. A single Q value is selected and the same value is used by all training samples; thus, all training samples will have the same size of neighborhood. However, certain training samples may be extremely close to one another, and the same size of neighborhood may result in large overlapping. One of the objectives of this thesis is to study the selections of different Qs for individual training samples instead of selecting a single value for all. In view of the high computational complexity of L-GEM with variable neighborhood sizes, the second objective is to propose a new point of view by clustering data into different groups instead of a single data point. The neighborhoods are considered for each cluster, instead of each training sample.
However the trend of performance of a classifier on different sizes of neighborhoods is ignored. These fluctuations and trend provide important information to evaluate the classifier. Therefore novel indices are proposed to evaluate the performance of a classifier on a range of Q. The third objective of the thesis is to propose a set of L-GEM based indices to evaluate the classifier with different sizes of neighborhood sizes. An overall comparison is provided for the proposed methods together with the current methods for classifier selection. In addition, the performance of the proposed methods in different scenarios with outlier is provided. In summary, the proposed methods will be able to select classifier with better performance and apply in different applications successfully. L-GEM has been extended into a multiple classifier system (MCS), and it has been shown to evaluate the generalization capability of MCS successfully. To construct an MCS, creating diverse sets of classifiers is a key issue. The ensemble feature selection is an approach for constructing an MCS; it varies the feature sets for each individual classifier in an MCS. Promoting diversity alone may not generate MCS with high generalization capability. Therefore, a genetic algorithm (GA) and localized generalization error model for MCS (L-GEMMCS) will be adopted to select sets of diversified feature groups for constructing an MCS with high generalization capability. Benchmarking of UCI datasets and real-world problems is then adopted to evaluate the proposed approaches.
Subjects: Neural networks (Computer science)
Artificial intelligence.
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Pages: xix, 182 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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