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Title: A study of document-context models in information retrieval
Authors: Wu, Ho-chung
Degree: Ph.D.
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: In this thesis we study new retrieval models which simulate the "local" relevance decision-making for every term location in a document, these local relevance decisions are then combined as the "document-wide" relevance decision for the document. Local relevance decision for a term t occurred at the k-th location in a document is made by considering the document-context which is the window of terms centred at the term t at the k-th location. Therefore, different relevance scores (preferences) are obtained for the same term t at different locations in a document depending on its document-contexts. This differs from traditional models which term t receives the same score disregard of its locations in a document. Particularly, a hybrid document-context model is studied which is the combination of various existing effective models and techniques. It estimates the relevance decision preference of document-contexts as the log-odds and uses smoothing techniques as found in language models to solve the problem of zero probabilities. It combines the estimated preferences of document-contexts using different types of aggregation operators that comply with the relevance decision principles. The model is evaluated using retrospective experiments with full relevance information to reveal the potential of the model. The model obtained a mean average precision of 60% -80% in retrospective experiments using different TREC ad hoc English collections and the NTCIR-5 ad hoc Chinese collection. The experiments showed that the operators that are consistent with aggregate relevance principle were effective in combining the estimated preferences of document-contexts. Besides retrospective experiments, we also use top 20 documents from the initial ranked list to perform relevance feedback experiments with a probabilistic document-context model and the results are promising.
We also showed that when the size of the document-contexts is shrunk to unity, the document-context model is simplified to a basic ranking formula that directly corresponds to the TF-IDF term weights. Thus TF-IDF term weights can be interpreted as making relevance decisions. This helps to establish a unifying perspective about information retrieval as relevance decision-making and to develop advance TF-IDF-related term weights for future elaborate retrieval models. Empirically, we show that, using four TREC ad hoc retrieval data collections, the IDF of a term t is related to the probability of randomly picking a non-relevant usage of the term t. Lastly, we apply the notion of document-context to develop a new relevance feedback algorithm. Instead of letting user to judge the documents from the top in the ranked document list, we split the ranked document list into multiple lists of document-contexts. Therefore, the judgement of relevance of the documents is not done sequentially. This is called active feedback and we show that in the experiments with various TREC data collections, our new relevance feedback algorithm using document-contexts obtained better results than the conventional relevance feedback algorithm and this is done more reliably than a maximal marginal relevance (MMR) method which does not use document-contexts. The experimental results suggest that using document-contexts can improve retrieval effectiveness.
Subjects: Information storage and retrieval systems
Text processing (Computer science)
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Pages: x, 166 p. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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