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Title: Optical signal monitoring in phase modulated optical fiber transmission systems
Authors: Zhao, Jian
Degree: Ph.D.
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: Optical performance monitoring (OPM) is one of the essential functions for future high speed optical networks. Among the parameters to be monitored, chromatic dispersion (CD) is especially important since it has a significant impact on overall system performance. In this thesis effective CD monitoring approaches for phase-shift keying (PSK) based optical transmission systems are investigated. A number of monitoring schemes based on radio frequency (RF) spectrum analysis and delay-tap sampling are proposed and their performance evaluated. A method for dispersion monitoring of differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) signals based on RF power detection is studied. The RF power spectrum is found to increase with the increase of CD and decrease with polarization mode dispersion (PMD). The spectral power density dependence on CD is studied theoretically and then verified through simulations and experiments. The monitoring sensitivity for nonreturn-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (NRZ-DPSK) and return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (RZ-DPSK) based systems can reach 80ps/nm/dB and 34ps/nm/dB respectively. The scheme enables the monitoring of differential group delay (DGD) and CD simultaneously. The monitoring sensitivity of CD and DGD can reach 56.7ps/nm/dB and 3.1ps/dB using a bandpass filter. The effects of optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR), DGD, fiber nonlinearity and chirp on the monitoring results are investigated. Two RF pilot tones are employed for CD monitoring of DPSK signals. Specially selected pilot tone frequencies enable good monitoring sensitivity with minimum influence on the received signals. The dynamic range exceeding 35dB and monitoring sensitivity up to 9.5ps/nm/dB are achieved.
Asynchronous sampling technique is employed for CD monitoring. A signed CD monitoring method for 10Gb/s NRZ-DPSK and RZ-DPSK systems using asynchronous delay-tap sampling technique is studied. The demodulated signals suffer asymmetric waveform distortion if there is a phase error (ΔØ) in the delay interferometer (DI) and in the presence of residual CD. Using delay-tap sampling the scatter plots can reflect this signal distortion through their asymmetric characteristics. A distance ratio (DR) is defined to represent the change of the scatter plots which is directly related to the accumulated CD. The monitoring range can be up to ±400ps/nm and to ±720ps/nm for 10Gb/s NRZ-DPSK and RZ-DPSK signals with 45° phase error in DI. The monitoring sensitivity reaches ±8ps/nm and CD polarity discrimination is realized. It is found that the signal degradation is related to the increment of the absolute value of CD or phase mismatch. The effect of different polarities of phase error on CD monitoring is also analyzed. The shoulders location depends on the sign of the product DLΔØ. If DLΔØ>0, the shoulder will appear on trailing edge else the shoulder will appear on leading edge when DLΔØ<0 . The analysis shows that the phase error is identical to the frequency offset of optical source so a signed frequency offset monitoring is also demonstrated. The monitoring results show that the monitoring range can reach ±2.2GHz and the monitoring sensitivity is around 27MHz. The effect of nonlinearity, OSNR and bandwidth of the lowpass filter on the proposed monitoring method has also been studied. The signed CD monitoring for 100Gb/s carrier suppressed return-to-zero differential quadrature phase-shift keying (CSRZ-DQPSK) system based on the delay-tap sampling technology is demonstrated. The monitoring range and monitoring resolution can go up to ±32ps/nm and ±8ps/nm, respectively. A signed CD and optical carrier wavelength monitoring scheme using cross-correlation method for on-off keying (OOK) wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) system is proposed and demonstrated. CD monitoring sensitivity is high and can be less than 10% of the bit period. Wavelength monitoring is implemented using the proposed approach. The monitoring results show that the sensitivity can reach up to 1.37ps/GHz.
Subjects: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Optical fiber communication
Radio -- Transmitters and transmission
Signal processing
Pages: xviii, 163 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm.
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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