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Title: Alkyne-, azide- and triazole-containing flavonoids as modulators for multidrug resistance in cancers
Authors: Chow, LMC 
Chan, TH 
Chan, KF 
Wong, ILK 
Law, MC 
Issue Date: 19-Feb-2019
Source: US Patent 10,208,025 B2. Washington, DC: US Patent and Trademark Office, 2019.
Abstract: A triazole bridged flavonoid dimer compound library was efficiently constructed via the cycloaddition reaction of a series of flavonoid-containing azides (Az 1-15) and alkynes (Ac 1-17). These triazole bridged flavonoid dimers and their precursor alkyne- and azide-containing flavonoids were screened for their ability to modulate multidrug resistance (MDR) in P-gp-overexpressed cell line (LCC6MDR), MRP1-overexpressed cell line (2008/MRP1) and BCRP-overexpressed cell line (HEK293/R2 and MCF7-MX100). Generally, they displayed very promising MDR reversal activity against P-gp-, MRP1- and BCRP-mediated drug resistance. Moreover, they showed different levels of selectivity for various transporters. Overall, they can be divided into mono-selective, dual-selective and multi-selective modulators for the P-gp, MRP1 and BCRP transporters. The EC.sub.50 values for reversing paclitaxel resistance (141-340 nM) of LCC6MDR cells, DOX (78-590 nM) and vincristine (82-550 nM) resistance of 2008/MRP1 cells and topotecan resistance (0.9-135 nM) of HEK293/R2 and MCF7-MX100 cells were at nanomolar range. Importantly, a number of compounds displayed EC.sub.50 at or below 10 nM in BCRP-overexpressed cell lines, indicating that these bivalent triazoles more selectively inhibit BCRP transporter than the P-gp and MRP1 transporters. Most of the dimers are notably safe MDR chemosensitizers as indicated by their high therapeutic index values.
Rights: Assignee: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Assignee: The Royal Institution for the Advancement of Learning/McGill University
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