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Title: Fiber-based wearable electronics : a review of materials, fabrication, devices, and applications
Authors: Zeng, W
Shu, L
Li, Q
Chen, S
Wang, F
Tao, XM 
Issue Date: 20-Aug-2014
Source: Advanced materials, 20 Aug. 2014, v. 26, no. 31, p. 5310-5336
Abstract: Fiber-based structures are highly desirable for wearable electronics that are expected to be light-weight, long-lasting, fl exible, and conformable. Many fi brous structures have been manufactured by well-established lost-effective textile processing technologies, normally at ambient conditions. The advancement of nanotechnology has made it feasible to build electronic devices directly on the surface or inside of single fi bers, which have typical thickness of several to tens microns. However, imparting electronic functions to porous, highly deformable and three-dimensional fi ber assemblies and maintaining them during wear represent great challenges from both views of fundamental understanding and practical implementation. This article attempts to critically review the current state-of-arts with respect to materials, fabrication techniques, and structural design of devices as well as applications of the fi ber-based wearable electronic products. In addition, this review elaborates the performance requirements of the fi ber-based wearable electronic products, especially regarding the correlation among materials, fi ber/textile structures and electronic as well as mechanical functionalities of fi ber-based electronic devices. Finally, discussions will be presented regarding to limitations of current materials, fabrication techniques, devices concerning manufacturability and performance as well as scientifi c understanding that must be improved prior to their wide adoption.
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Journal: Advanced materials 
ISSN: 0935-9648
EISSN: 1521-4095
DOI: 10.1002/adma.201400633
Rights: © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Zeng, W., Shu, L., Li, Q., Chen, S., Wang, F. and Tao, X.-M. (2014), Fiber-Based Wearable Electronics: A Review of Materials, Fabrication, Devices, and Applications. Adv. Mater., 26: 5310-5336, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
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