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Title: Utilizing user-generated content and GIS for flood susceptibility modeling in mountainous areas : a case study of Jian City in China
Authors: Zeng, Z
Li, Y
Lan, J
Hamidi, AR 
Issue Date: Jun-2021
Source: Sustainability, June 2021, v. 13, no. 12, 6929
Abstract: Floods are threats seriously affecting people’s lives and property globally. Risk analysis such as flood susceptibility assessment is one of the critical approaches to mitigate flood impacts. However, the inadequate field survey and lack of data might hinder the mapping of flood susceptibility. The emergence of user-generated content (UGC) in the era of big data provides new opportunities for flood risk management. This research proposed a flood susceptibility assessment model using UGC as a potential data source and conducted empirical research in Ji’an County in China to make up for the lack of ground survey data in mountainous-hilly areas. This article used python crawlers to obtain the geographic location of the floods in Ji’an City from 2016 to 2019 from social media, and the state-of-the-art MaxEnt algorithm was adopted to obtain the flood occurrence map. The map was verified by the flood data crawled from reliable official media, which achieved an average AUC of 0.857% and an overall accuracy of 93.1%. Several novel indicators were used to evaluate the importance of conditioning factors from different perspectives. Land use, slope, and distance from the river were found to contribute most to the occurrence of floods. Our findings have shown that the proposed historical UG C-based model is practical and has good flood-risk-mapping performance. The importance of the conditioning factors to the occurrence of floods can also be ranked. The reports from stakeholders are a great supplement to the insufficient field survey data and tend to be valuable resources for flood disaster preparation and mitigation in the future. Finally, the limitations and future development directions of UGC as a data source for flood risk assessment are discussed.
Keywords: Floods
MaxEnt
Mountainous areas
Susceptibility assessment
User-generated content
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: Sustainability 
EISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su13126929
Rights: © 2021 by the authors.Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
The following publication Zeng, Z.; Li, Y.; Lan, J.; Hamidi, A.R. Utilizing User-Generated Content and GIS for Flood Susceptibility Modeling in Mountainous Areas: A Case Study of Jian City in China. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6929 is available at https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126929
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